Psychotherapy is a form of dialogue that involves listening and talking to the therapist with people who are experiencing problems. Instead, it is aimed at helping to understand and solve the difficult situation of patients. Individual clients, groups of people, families, marriages or couples can participate in the therapeutic process. Therapists work alone or in pairs. They usually submit their work to supervision, i.e. they receive guidance and advice from experienced psychotherapists with appropriate qualifications.
Held in a diadem: patient-psychotherapist. Is the process of treating disorders of experience and behavior, through conversation and therapeutic relationships. It allows you to identify the meanings and causes of symptoms and develop corrective ways to cope with difficulties. It expands self-awareness, improves social functioning.
It can be used for most disorders and problems of a psychological nature, as a companion in mental illnesses requiring pharmacological treatment and in support of personal development.
Group psychotherapy, like individual psychotherapy, is aimed at correcting disorders, better understanding of oneself and improving the functioning of the person who participates in it. In contrast, group therapy also provides an opportunity to look at the relationship not only with the psychotherapist, but with all members of the group. Group participants share feedback, i.e. m.in. their experience, how they see other people and how they feel about the topics they bring up. This is an opportunity to see your situation from a broader perspective and learn other ways to solve problems. The therapeutic group through reflection, can also show ways of creating relationships and functioning in a personal, family environment. Then, in a safe atmosphere, help verify and work through patterns that impede communication and social interaction. The healing factors characteristic of the group are also cohesion, similarity and support, which reduce feelings of isolation and bring relief. Group psychotherapy can be successfully used in most disorders. It is especially recommended for people who have difficulties in interpersonal relationships.
The basic premise is the concept of circularity, treating the family as a system in which each member of the system influences others, who in turn influence him. In contrast, the family as a whole is part of a larger system, which is the environment in which it functions. The family system is dynamic and changes as it experiences the passage of time and passes through the successive phases of the family life cycle. Symptom, the problem of a particular family member, usually appears at crucial moments, such as: changes in the composition of the family (birth, death, divorce), special events (moving, change of work, school) or unexpected, sudden events (illness, loss of work). Problems reported in therapy are seen in the context of relationships between family members or other systems. The goal of family psychotherapy is to remove the symptom and reduce the suffering of the family, as well as improve communication, teach constructive ways to cope with problems, promote individual autonomy.
Family psychotherapy is particularly recommended for disorders in children and adolescents.
Couples therapy can be a way to fight for a relationship that has encountered difficulties, crises. A relationship in which impaired communication exacerbates problems, because partners do not listen to each other, can not openly talk about their expectations and emotions, stubbornly trying to match the partner to their own views, not respecting the needs of the other party. There is a distance from each other, there is a growing resentment, resentment, anger. Therapy in the case of couples benefits both for the individual (expansion of self-awareness, discovery of their own needs and expectations) and for mutual relations (improved communication, compromises, new solutions, openness to feelings and needs).